Saturday, March 14, 2020
5 Answers to Questions About Direct Address 5 Answers to Questions About Direct Address 5 Answers to Questions About Direct Address By Mark Nichol 1. I want to tell athletes at my school, where the mascot is a wildcat, to be proud of their teamÃ¢â¬â¢s accomplishment. Should I write, Ã¢â¬Å"Be proud WildcatsÃ¢â¬ or Ã¢â¬Å"Be proud, WildcatsÃ¢â¬ ? I see things like this written all the time without a comma, but something tells me I should include one. YouÃ¢â¬â¢re right. Both exhortations are correct, but if you write, Ã¢â¬Å"Be proud Wildcats,Ã¢â¬ youÃ¢â¬â¢re telling your readers to be proud Wildcats. Ã¢â¬Å"Be proud, WildcatsÃ¢â¬ is addressed directly to the athletes; youÃ¢â¬â¢re telling the Wildcats to be proud. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s a subtle difference, but the version with the comma conveys the meaning you want. Also, when pondering whether to write something the way you see it all the time, consider the source: Direct address shows up a lot in informal, conversational (and frequently careless) writing such as email messages and written notes, but in published form, a comma generally (and correctly) separates the term of address from the statement. 2. One issue that comes up in my email communication is the situation in which I am addressing a known group of families, ladies, parents, or students. If I begin my email with Ã¢â¬Å"Hello, Ladies,Ã¢â¬ should Ã¢â¬Å"LadiesÃ¢â¬ be capitalized? According to The Gregg Reference Manual, in the salutation of a letter (or an email message) a form of direct address capitalize the first word and all nouns. 3. When should familial terms like mom be capitalized? Capitalize mom and related words when the term is a form of direct address substituting for a name: YouÃ¢â¬â¢re asking, Ã¢â¬Å"Can I go see a movie, Mom?Ã¢â¬ just as you would ask, Ã¢â¬Å"Can I go see a movie, Jane?Ã¢â¬ When you speak of your mother to another person, substituting mom for her name, the word, for the same reason, is capitalized: Compare Ã¢â¬Å"I asked Mom if I could go see a movieÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"I asked Jane if I could go see a movie.Ã¢â¬ But if you precede mom with a pronoun, it is a generic noun, equivalent to a designation for any other person: Ã¢â¬Å"I asked my mom if I could go see a movieÃ¢â¬ is equivalent to Ã¢â¬Å"I asked my dentist if I could go see a movie.Ã¢â¬ 4. Why is the word miss not capitalized in your example Ã¢â¬Å"Please, miss, can you tell me the time?Ã¢â¬ The capitalization system for addressing people by a term other than a name is confusing. The first letters of words for job and familial titles are capitalized, but titles of respect like sir and miss, as well as terms of endearment (such as dear), are styled entirely in lowercase letters. 5. In Ã¢â¬Å"Your majesty, his imperial highness summons the prince to the Command Council Tent,Ã¢â¬ should I change his to His? Yes, but you shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t uppercase only the first letter of his. Both Ã¢â¬Å"your majestyÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"his imperial highnessÃ¢â¬ are used as titles; thus, all those words should be initially capitalized: Ã¢â¬Å"Your Majesty, His Imperial Highness summons the prince to the Command CouncilÃ¢â¬â¢s tent.Ã¢â¬ Technically, because Ã¢â¬Å"his imperial highnessÃ¢â¬ is in the third person, it should not be initial-capped unless it precedes the personÃ¢â¬â¢s name, but such courtesies for monarchs are often excepted from this rule. (Also, if there is an official body called the Command Council, by all means capitalize its name. However, although you would capitalize room or chamber, for example, if there were a designated space for it to meet, because of a tentÃ¢â¬â¢s ephemeral nature, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think tent merits the same treatment. Note that in the reference to the Command Council, IÃ¢â¬â¢ve made that bodyÃ¢â¬â¢s name possessive.) Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Style category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:When to Use Ã¢â¬Å"That,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Which,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"WhoÃ¢â¬ People versus Persons10 Tips About How to Write a Caption
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Write report of CESIM simulation of marketing n logistic department - Essay Example Various news such as the safety of using phones n airplanes and quality of the mobile phones to withstand pressure. For instance, the case of a phone exploding in airplane reported in China influenced the USA market demand for phones, decreasing it by 3%, and in Asia it decreased by 7%. Europe, case is conspicuous as demand remains unchanged. Further, as the oil wars diminish, the transportation costs reduce by 6%. Nonetheless, product costs remain unchanged. The factor of outsourcing in USA stand at capacity of 13% while in China is 19%. This results in reduction of up to 6% in outsourcing costs. Additionally, another elemental factor of consideration is the macro environment of the department in handling the handset sales. The factors within the global context, such including the finance industry, affect the organisation performance. The corporate tax rate raises to 22%, as aspects of competitiveness of the various economies impact the markets. Consequently, currency rates fall against the USD such as the Rmb, which fell by 10%. The EU rebounds, bringing the interest rates in Europe down. However, the rates in USA and China increase by quarter and half respectively. Thus, such developments present Europe as the destination for the organisation, as the market is viable and stable. The influence of these factors in the macro environment influence the outcome of the business environment remarkably as the department pursues its establishment in the various sectors of operation within the industry (Kotler 2013, p. 67). Thus, in view of these factors affecting the macro environme nt of the department, the effect is visible on the results presented by the department. The poor results in the marketing and establishment of the department to success are evidence of the impacts within the micro and macro environments within the industry. The CESIM model entails several strategic simulations to evaluate and formulate perceptions of the
Monday, February 10, 2020
Inividual 4 - Essay Example Predicting the performance of different currencies in the market can help both individuals and investors in making sound business decision to minimize risk and maximize returns on investment (Oberlechner, 64). This paper focuses on a case studies related to exchange rate forecasting. A leader in a certain firm who has had keen interest on the exchange market and studied it predicts that in the next 12 months the exchange rate between the dollar and the Euro will be $1.41 to Euro. The company seeks to invest $ 500 000 in the forward, spot or options market. Using the current performance in the market, the forward rate is $1.37o5 to the Euro and the spot rate is $1.3435. This article discusses why the firm leader predicts that there will an increase in the exchange rate, seeks to calculate the profits that can be earned from the investment and gives recommendations on investments based on speculations. How to make Prediction on Future performance of the currencies in the exchange rate market One of the ways that can be used to predict future performance is by the use of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). This is the most commonly used method and is based on the theory of one price where the prices of a identical commodities are assumed to have the same price in different countries. This means that if the rate of inflation in one country if higher than the rate of inflation in another country is lower, then the value of the currency with a higher rate of inflation will reduce in relation to the currency of the country with lower inflation. For instance, in this case study, the increase in value of euro could be as a result of increase in the rate of inflation in America in relation to inflation in the euro zone. For instance, if the predicted increase in inflation in America for the next 12 months is 5% and the expected increase in rate of inflation in the euro zone is 2% then the difference in inflation rates is the level of depreciation the American dollar currency suffers in relation to the dollar (Yu et al 245). 5%-2%= 3% difference in inflation rates. If currently the value of the euro is $1.5 then the new exchange rate will be: $1.5 ? 103%= $ 1.545 1 euro will exchange for $ 1.545. Another way the leader could have predicted an increase in the value of euro in relation to the dollar could be through the prediction of the relative economic growth rate. The value of a nationÃ¢â¬â¢s currency is expected to appreciate if the country has a good economic growth outlook with likelihood of greater domestic and foreign investment. American just experienced a government shutdown which is a phenomenon that is expected to influence investment negatively. Both foreign and domestic investors may not be willing to make huge investment under the unsure circumstances and this is expected to stunt economic growth rate (Yu et al 243). The euro zone is not experience anything like this and their economies are expected to continue growing. It is thus possibl e that the value of the euro will increase in relation to that of the dollar. Calculation of the Expected profits The spot rate is $ 1.3435 Forward rate $ 1.3705 $1.3705-$1.3435= $0.027 Percentage increase in rate: 0.027?1.3435? 100= 2.01% Expected profit $500 000? 2.01%=$ 10050 Recommendation on Investment Making investments in the speculative market brings about a lot of income within short period of time. It is also less involving as it does not require labor but being able to predict the market
Thursday, January 30, 2020
JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ Passing Will Have No Effect on AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s Trajectory Essay Ã¢â¬Å"Remembering that IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be dead soon is the most important tool IÃ¢â¬â¢ve ever encountered to help me make the big choices in lifeÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âSteve Jobs, 2005 Stanford Commencement Ceremony The world lost a luminary when Steve Jobs died on October 5, 2011. Jobs was a visionary leader and is often credited for AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s amazing turnaround in the mid-nineties. For many years, the world perceived Jobs and Apple as integrally linked. As a result, consumers and investors now question AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s future and worry that the company cannot survive without Jobs. Since JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ passing, Tim Cook has been tasked to continue AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s success. While Apple could potentially suffer long-term consequences from this switch, the more probable alternative is that the company will prosper because Cook is stronger leader than Jobs and can elevate Apple to a 10x level. Leadership DNA and the Collins 10X characteristics: Vital characteristics of a Level 5 leader include a strong belief in intuition, extreme perseverance towards vision, and empathy for team members by relying on emotional intelligence. While Jobs succeeded in many of these areas, he did not possess the entire package of leadership skills. Jobs was widely quoted for saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition.Ã¢â¬ This persevering attitude and strong sense of intuition helped make Apple the successful company that it is today. But Jobs was also known for showing little concern for the emotional needs of team members. According to Fortune, he was Ã¢â¬Å"considered one of Silicon Valleys leading egomaniacs.Ã¢â¬ This lack of empathy prevented Jobs from being a Level 5 leader. According to Collins, the leaders who run 10x companies Ã¢â¬Å"display extreme consistency of action with values, goals, performance standards and methodsÃ¢â¬ Jobs definitely fit these criteria and was known for being f anatical about discipline. He maintained the highest performance standards, which allowed him to push Apple to innovate on a constant basis. In addition, Jobs demonstrated both productive paranoia and empirical creativity throughout much of his career. He worked tirelessly with his product development teams. Whether it was the release of the Apple IIe or the release of the iPad, Jobs always obsessed over every detail of the projects and demanded that Apple release only the finest products. Jobs saw market opportunities in many different avenues and pioneered the idea of the Ã¢â¬Å"Apple Store.Ã¢â¬ His extreme attention to detail required him to oversee every nuisance of a project. However, discipline and vision are not enough to create a 10x company. According to Collins, 10x companies require more than ambitious goals and determination. 10X organizations require Level 5 leaders who are able to put all their passion and ambition into Ã¢â¬Å"a cause or company larger than themselves.Ã¢â¬ JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ motivation was grounded in egotism and personal aggrandizement, and he was more concerned with Ã¢â¬Å"putting a dent in the universeÃ¢â¬ than building an organization bigger than himself. Jobs was never able to elevate Apple to a 10x organizational because he was never a Level 5 leader. As a result, Tim Cook, a potential Level 5 leader, has an opportunity to test his skills and raise Apple to an organizational level that Jobs could never achieve. Tim CooksÃ¢â¬â¢ Leadership: Tim Cook has demonstrated multiple characteristics of a Level 5 leader. We believe Apple will be in a better position for sustained success under CookÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership. Cook was recruited out of Compaq (Level 1 Leadership) to Apple in 1998 Ã¢â¬Å"with a mandate to clean up the atrocious state of Apples manufacturing, distribution, and supply apparatus.Ã¢â¬ CookÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership on this crucial transition was exemplary. He demands the highest work product from himself and his employees (Level 4 Leadership). In addition, Cook can effectively manage individuals (Level 3 Leadership) and one key to his success as COO at Apple was his reliance Ã¢â¬Å"on a tight-knit team of operations executives who have been with him since he joined the company.Ã¢â¬ Cook has steadily been increasing his responsibilities since 2000, actively contributing to many different areas of the company (Level 2 Leadership). Even though Tim Cook has been a CEO only for a short time, he has shown himself to be a potential Level 5 leader. Unlike Jobs, Cook takes on a humble leadership style. Cook is modest and does not crave the spotlight. He also accepts responsibility and admits AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s mistakes. In fact, Cook is willing to take ownership of errors made by the company, even when he could have blamed it on his employees. Also, Tim Cook has clearly demonstrated his willingness to communicate with investors and employees. This was a task that Jobs frequently struggled with as he had a tendency to keep tight reins on company information. In contrast to Jobs, Cook possesses humility, modesty, openness to communication skills, which allow him to trust his workforce and build a company that is bigger than himself. This skillset provides a strong foundation for a Level 5 leader. Conclusion: Steve Jobs was an innovative leader; however, he did not achieve the status of a Level 5 leader. As a result, Jobs did not elevate apple to a 10x level. Jobs lacked humility, modesty, emotional intelligence and respect for others, which are crucial for a Level 5 leader. However, Tim Cook seems to garner all of these qualities. In the long run, stock prices are a reflection of trust in the growth of the company and the leadership team. We believe that CookÃ¢â¬â¢s team is at a much better position to carry the Apple legacy forward than it was under Jobs. Therefore, JobsÃ¢â¬â¢ passing will have no long-term effects on AppleÃ¢â¬â¢s trajectory and the company now has a better chance to reach a 10x level. [ 1 ]. http://news.stanford.edu/news/2005/june15/jobs-061505.html [ 2 ]. Id. [ 3 ]. http://archive.is/20120604/http://money.cnn.com/magazines/fortune/fortune_archive/2007/03/19/8402325/index.htm# [ 4 ]. Collins Ã¢â¬â Great by Choice Ã¢â¬â Page 36 [ 5 ]. Collins Ã¢â¬â Great by Choice Ã¢â¬â Page 37 [ 6 ]. http://money.cnn.com/2008/11/09/technology/cook_apple.fortune/index.htm, pp. 1 [ 7 ]. http://money.cnn.com/2008/11/09/technology/cook_apple.fortune/index.htm, pp. 2 [ 8 ]. http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2012-10-31/national/35500675_1_john-browett-scott-forstall-craig-federighi [ 9 ]. http://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2012/10/04/steve-jobs-apple-year-later/1577271/ [ 10 ]. http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2012-10-31/national/35500675_1_john-browett-scott-forstall-craig-federighi [ 11 ].
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Analysis of Jonson's On My First Son Ã The poem entitled On My First SonÃ is a pouring out of a father's soul-a soul that pours out every last drop of pain, anguish, and love for his deceased son neatly into a beautiful poem.Ã Ben Jonson illustrates his love and loss with concreteness and passion.Ã Just as an artist creates a painting on paper with a pallet of colors and different types of brushes, Jonson uses thoughtful phrasing and strong diction to create a vivid word painting of his son. Ã Ã Ã Ã The phrasing of this poem can be analyzed on many levels.Ã Holistically, the poem moves the father through three types of emotions.Ã More specifically, the first lines of the poem depict the father s deep sadness toward the death of his son.Ã The lineÃ Farewell, thou child of my right hand, and joyÃ creates a mental picture in my mind (Line 1). I see the father standing over the coffin in his blackest of outfits with sunglasses shading his eyes from the sun because even the sun is too bright for his day of mourning.Ã The most beautiful scarlet rose from his garden is gripped tightly in his right hand as tears cascade down his face and strike the earth with a splash that echoes like a scream in a cave, piercing the ears of those gathered there to mourn the death of his son. Ã Ã Ã Ã The second four lines also describe the father s emotions as they move from sadness to anger, and from anger he moves quickly into a realization that he had no control over the situation.Ã He is angry at the world, himself, and the situation that he is now in.Ã The line,Ã Exacted by thy fate, on the just dayÃ seems to be his only form of solace in the midst of anger (Line 4).Ã He speaks of God and His plan and how it supercedes the plans o... ...ificed for all the sins of mankind. Feeling ashamed and sad, he questions his own faith by saying that his son was too young to haveÃ Ã Ã scaped world s and flesh s rageÃ (Lines8, 9).Ã Finally, he uses a tender word likeÃ peaceÃ to signal that he has accepted his son s death, forgiven himself and God, and realizes that everything will be all right. Ã Ã Ã Ã This poem touched my heart not only as a person that could see the mastery in his phrasing and his word choices, but I also have many people that I love, and if and when they die, I will probably feel the same way.Ã It is amazing how Jonson can tie all his feelings into such a short poem.Ã By doing so, I believe he was physically showing us that his son's death was an unlucky event.Ã The poem has thirteen lines, like the number of words in this sentence.Ã Was it lucky thirteen?Ã I think not-not for the father. Analysis of Jonson's On My First Son Essay -- Jonson On My First Son Analysis of Jonson's On My First Son Ã The poem entitled On My First SonÃ is a pouring out of a father's soul-a soul that pours out every last drop of pain, anguish, and love for his deceased son neatly into a beautiful poem.Ã Ben Jonson illustrates his love and loss with concreteness and passion.Ã Just as an artist creates a painting on paper with a pallet of colors and different types of brushes, Jonson uses thoughtful phrasing and strong diction to create a vivid word painting of his son. Ã Ã Ã Ã The phrasing of this poem can be analyzed on many levels.Ã Holistically, the poem moves the father through three types of emotions.Ã More specifically, the first lines of the poem depict the father s deep sadness toward the death of his son.Ã The lineÃ Farewell, thou child of my right hand, and joyÃ creates a mental picture in my mind (Line 1). I see the father standing over the coffin in his blackest of outfits with sunglasses shading his eyes from the sun because even the sun is too bright for his day of mourning.Ã The most beautiful scarlet rose from his garden is gripped tightly in his right hand as tears cascade down his face and strike the earth with a splash that echoes like a scream in a cave, piercing the ears of those gathered there to mourn the death of his son. Ã Ã Ã Ã The second four lines also describe the father s emotions as they move from sadness to anger, and from anger he moves quickly into a realization that he had no control over the situation.Ã He is angry at the world, himself, and the situation that he is now in.Ã The line,Ã Exacted by thy fate, on the just dayÃ seems to be his only form of solace in the midst of anger (Line 4).Ã He speaks of God and His plan and how it supercedes the plans o... ...ificed for all the sins of mankind. Feeling ashamed and sad, he questions his own faith by saying that his son was too young to haveÃ Ã Ã scaped world s and flesh s rageÃ (Lines8, 9).Ã Finally, he uses a tender word likeÃ peaceÃ to signal that he has accepted his son s death, forgiven himself and God, and realizes that everything will be all right. Ã Ã Ã Ã This poem touched my heart not only as a person that could see the mastery in his phrasing and his word choices, but I also have many people that I love, and if and when they die, I will probably feel the same way.Ã It is amazing how Jonson can tie all his feelings into such a short poem.Ã By doing so, I believe he was physically showing us that his son's death was an unlucky event.Ã The poem has thirteen lines, like the number of words in this sentence.Ã Was it lucky thirteen?Ã I think not-not for the father.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
What is culture? Culture is the collective of ideas and beliefs about what is customary as well the arts, social institutions, and religions of a group of people. 3. What is a region? A region is an area of division of a place with definable characteristics but without fixed boundaries. 4. What is cartography? Cartography is the science of making maps. 5. Who was Thomas Malthus? Malthus was a British scholar who in 1798 came up with a new theory for population change. . What is demography Demography is the study of statistics such as the births and deaths of a population in order to demonstrate the changing structure of human populations. 7. What is diffusion? Diffusion is the process of spreading things more widely such as cultural elements or diseases. 8. What is the demographic transition? Demographic transition refers to the transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country matures into a more modern and industrialized system. 9. What is a censu s? A census is an official count of a population. 10. What is migration?Migration refers to the movement of people from one place to another in search of better opportunity. Describe in detail what is geography and what geographers study. Dylon Breyman The Study of Geography When many people think of geography they think only of physical places in relation to each other or perhaps the topographical features of a certain place, but geography is more than Just the study of the physical world. Geographers are concerned with the physical layout of places, but also with the interactions between eople and their environment, and even cultural interactions that involve people in different places.Geography is broken down into two main fields: physical geography and human geography, each field has further subdivisions as well. Physical geography focuses on the natural environment and how a region's climate, topography, organisms, and natural processes interact. While human geographers study t he processes and patterns that effect human society. Although the fields seem very different there are quite a few areas of overlap. Geographers often make connections between human culture and society and the effects that societal hanges may have on the natural environment.For this reason geography has been important for many reasons. It not only gives us more information about the world around us, but can also be used to make predictions by observing current and past phenomenon and interactions. In this way issues such as spread of disease or food supply for a population can be addressed before they become a real problem.
Monday, January 6, 2020
The second similarity is that both BRCA1 and BRCA2 bind to Rad5 protein that is involved in maintain the integrity of the genome (Kinzler et al, 1997). A mutation in the AT, or ATM, gene on chromosome 11 also is associated with breast cancer, and it may be much more common in the general population than BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. Seven percent of familial breast cancer may be associated with the AT gene mutation (Radford and Zehnbauer, 1996, cited in McCain, 1997). It is not known whether the AT mutation increases the risk of breast cancer for men. Ataxia teleangiectasia is an autosomal recessive neurologic syndrome. The cancer incidence among those people who inherit two copies of the AT mutation, and who are affected by Ataxia teleangiectasia syndrome, is 100 times greater that the general population. Women who have inherited one copy of the mutation (approximately 1.4% of the general population) may be more susceptible to breast cancer. Women with mutations in the p53 gene also may be at increased risk of developing breast cancer. However, mutations of the p53 gene are rare, affecting an estimated 1 in 10,000 individuals (Athma et al., 1996 cited in McCain, 1997). Mutations in HRAS1, the Cowden disease gene, p65, and TSG101 may also confer a higher risk of developing breast cancer (Easton et al., 1993; Krontiris et al., 1993; Greene, 1997 cited in McCain, 1997). BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations and breast cancer seem to be distributed among a variety of populations.Show MoreRelatedBreast Cancer- Leading Cause of Death1436 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Breast cancer continues to be the leading cause of death for middle aged women. In the past year, there were over 194,000 new cases of breast cancer in the U.S., approximately 20% of which did not access treatment in time despite the availability of educational resources. Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that develops in a female or maleÃ¢â¬â¢s breast cells. Though the condition is not gender specific, it is most prevalent in middle aged to older women. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s malignant foundation causes it to also conquerRead More Breast Cancer Susceptibility Genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 Essay2987 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesBreast cancer is the most common cancer that affects women in the United States. There are at least two majors genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) that when they mutate can cause breast cancer. These genes can be pass ed from parent to child, increasing the risk of developing cancer in those child that have parent carrying these genes. BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are located on chromosome 17 and chromosome 13 respectively. There is a 90% chance of developing breast cancer for a woman that has these mutated genes. InRead MoreTaking a Look at Breast Cancer1758 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Breast cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death among females in the world. It is known for Ã¢â¬Å"have both a genetic and non-genetic etiologyÃ¢â¬ (Milne et al., 2010). It involves a combination of several factors- such as Ã¢â¬Å"genetic, environmental and behavioral risk factorsÃ¢â¬ - that are unique to each individual (Nickels et al., 2013). This type of cancer is represented by a malignant tumor manifested in breast cells such as the line duct and line lobules cells, just to name a fewRead MoreThe Complicated Biology of Breast Cancer977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAfter hearing your concerns about breast cancer, I decided to use my knowledge and research to guide you through the more complicated biological side of breast cancer. Within this letter I hope to better your understanding of cancer, especially breast cancer. Its the causes, pros and cons of genetic testing, and my recommendations for you and your daughters. I will also discuss the controversial decision of actress Angelina Jolie. Cancer is a term used to describe diseases that include abnormalRead MoreBrca Mutation Essay868 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesamplification: In breast cancer, the tumor suppressor genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 germlin mutation is greatly present in women, itÃ¢â¬â¢s about 5% to 10% of all breast cancers. These genes normally involved in major cellular functions include double-strand break repair, checkpoint control, transcription regulation, and chromatin remodeling, and its inactivation may lead to spontaneous abnormalities in DNA, this might promote neoplastic development. Mutations of some genes (ATM and CHEK2) also affect BRCA pathwaysRead More72 New Gene Mutation Essay1074 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesGenetic Mutations Linked to Hereditary Breast Cancer According to the National Cancer Institute, invasive breast cancer affects approximately 1 in 8 U.S. women, and about 5% to 10% of all breast cancers are hereditary. At present, most people are familiar with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations, which are inherited gene mutationsÃ¢â¬âor abnormalities in the DNA sequencingÃ¢â¬âthat increase the risk of developing breast cancer. According to statistics from the National Cancer Institute, by age 70, 55% to 65% ofRead MoreBreast Cancer : A Form Of Cancer1373 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesaddressing breast cancer. Breast cancer is a form of cancer that affects the cells of the breast. This happens when cells in the breast grow abnormally. It can spread to nearby tissues and lymph nodes. This cancer can affect bones, liver, and even your brain. All women and men are at risk for breast cancer. It can affect people of every age, race, and ethnic group. Between the ages of 40 and 50, African American women have a higher chance of receiving breast cancer. The ultimate impact of breast cancerRead MoreNutrition, Exercise and Cancer Prevention Essay1374 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAmericans will be diagnosed with cancer this year, and some 560,000 will die from the diseaseÃ¢â¬ (Exercise and Malignancy 5). Many individuals and families have fought the battle of cancer for a number of years. There is not yet a perfect cure for th is number one deadliest disease, and it is unknown how long it will take to find one. While many risk factors of developing cancer cannot be changed such as genetics, environmental carcinogens (substances that cause cancer), or a certain number of hormonesRead MoreBreast Cancer : A Genetic Disorder1876 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages INTRODUCTION Breast cancer is a genetic disorder occurs in breast cells because of irregularities in cell growth and division. It mostly occurs due to modifications of regulatory genes known as oncogene and tumor suppressor genes .Around 180,000 cases of breast cancer are diagnosed in United States and 40,000 people die each year . Approximately 50% of hereditary breast cancer cases reported are related to error in repair mechanisms due to loss of BRCA1 AND BRCA2 genes. It is importantRead MoreA Study On Breast Cancer2075 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBreast cancer is a disease that starts when an abnormal, uncontrolled cell growth occurs in the tissues of the breast. In a healthy body, cells grow, divide, and die in an orderly way, but once a damage or a mutation happens in the genetic material of the cell (which is found in the DNA) it results in cells that do not die. They continue to grow and divide uncontrollably and form abnormal cells that the body does not need. They can also metastasize, w hich means they invade other tissues through the